Paras Ragam

All about Ragas
balusatya
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Paras

Post #1 by balusatya » 13 Apr 2008, 09:57

* Can I have the help of this forum to list of songs/Thillanas in this raga.
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knandago2001
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Post #2 by knandago2001 » 13 Apr 2008, 20:51

some that I enjoy singing include triloka maata, neelaayataakshi, sri sukra bhagavantam and aadenamma
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Lakshman
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Post #3 by Lakshman » 13 Apr 2008, 21:03

Here is a more complete list:

song tala composer
Adake pore edu radaka pora (p) Adi Sarangapani
Adenamma harudu drugu tataiyani Adi Puliyur Duraisvami Iyer
Adi malarinaiyallal marugati avaniyilariyene Adi Papanasham Shivan
AdinammA harudu drugu tataiyani Adi Pallavi Doraisvami Iyer
Agale kayabeko ambujanayana ika ni kaydareno Adi Purandaradasa
Alavadennalo shivame adiyarkkadiyar Adi Uttukadu Venkatasubbier
Alla kuvennungal sada kalam alla kuvennungal Chapu Gunamkudi Mastan
Anbe anandamam sadagopar Adi Shuddhananda Bharati
Anbu nilaiyai kandal nambu Deshadi Shuddhananda Bharati
Andarule Rupaka Vedanayakam Pillai
Angam ellam Chapu Namashivaya Pulavar
Ankavan tannai anitteretri Adi V.Subramaniam
Arudal kura yaraiya un Rupaka Shuddhananda Bharati
Ati savadhana sevave bhakti aharnishi Adi Shahji Maharaja
Balaro samini (j) Tirupati Narayanasvami
Bhargavane palingoliye (vg) T/Triputa K.Ponniah Pillai
Bhayame munnadi manaku mana pattabhiramudu Adi Parankushadasar
Bhayappadadiru maname Triputa Shuddhananda Bharati
Cheli balavanta balavantamelara (j) Chapu Chinniah
Cheli nenetlu sahintune alavanenta (j) Adi Chinniah
Cheli nenetlu sahintune alavanenta (j) Adi Pattabhiramayya
Cheluvunira (j) T/Adi Tanjavur Quartette
Chinnattanamunchi Madhyadi Vina Sheshanna
Chintanai sheivadu eppodu daivattai Adi Nilakantha Shivan
Chintaye mahalinga murtim chidrupa spurtim sukirti Adi Muttusvami Dikshitar
Devadi deva Adi Vedanayakam Pillai
Duru maduvareno rangayyana duru maduvareno Adi Purandaradasa
Eke mamate kottu Adi Gopalavithaladasa
Emanene sudduleme bangaru bomma (p) Adi Kshetragna
Emani pogadudune (daru) T/Eka Subbarama Dikshitar
Emi seyudunate enakshiro (j) Adi Pattabhiramayya
Eno innum vara kanene Adi Madurai G.S.Mani
Enta kopame Merattur Venkatrama Shastri
Enta vedukonna palukademi setukomma (p) Chapu Sarangapani
Era balaka endu boduvu dari viduvamu T/Adi Merattur Venkatrama Shastri
Ezhundiru nija manida Adi Shuddhananda Bharati
Hingade manadaniya Chapu Kanakadasa
Inda vibhishana lankapuri rajyam (r) Atachapu Arunachalakavirayar
Inge ni varuvaye ekanini tiruvirindil Adi Abraham Panditar
Innallavale gade vani guna (p) Adi Kuppusvami Ayya
Innallavale gade vani gunamentani (p) Adi Poochi Shrinivasa Iyengar
Innamum tamadamen pannirukaiiya Adi N.S.Ramasvami Iyer
Innum vara kanene enna sheiguvan avar Adi Gopalakrishna Bharati
Inrum varavillaiye Adi Shuddhananda Bharati
Inta kopamemi na sami ilalonagala Adi Merattur Venkatrama Shastri
Ishvara nannu rakshimparada krupanidhi C/Eka Krishnasvami Ayya
Ittanai modi edu enmel ippodu (p) Adi Vasudeva Kavi
Jagadiya sparsha M/Laghu Upanishad Brahmayogin
Jagannatha Adi Vedanayakam Pillai
Jaya tripurasundari Adi Virabhadrayya
Jaya vira hanumanta tayana janaki devikku Adi Papanasham Shivan
Kamakshi karuna katakshi kamakshi lokasakshini Triputa Shyama Shastri
Kamanai venravanar ulagattil Adi Chinnasvami Shastri
Kamitartha K/Chapu Bangalore S.Mukund
Kanavellam ninaivaghumo sakhi Adi Nila Ramamurti
Kandar vyasamuniyai Adi A.S.Lakshmi Ammal
Kannada murare Adi K.C.Keshava Pillai
Kannar kadal pol tirumenikkariyai Adi Tirumangai Azhvar
Kattaghattu vedan kadalil valaivana (tvc) Ad Manikkavachakar
Kodo kodo kodo kodo ranga kodo Adi Purandaradasa
Kodu kodu kodu kodu ranga kodu Adi Purandaradasa
Krishna illada brajati Adi B.K.Padmanabha Rao
Kumara deva Rupaka Mayuram Vishvanatha Shastri
Ma visha dhumaketanam Adi V.Subramaniam
Mada payale (p) Adi Subbarama Iyer
Madhuramba jayati marakatangi jayati Chapu Muttusvami Dikshitar
Maha lingeshvaram madhyarjuna mahalingeshvaram nam Adi Muttusvami Dikshitar
Mangaiye ni tudu podi engal malazhai Adi Kavi Kunjara Bharati
Mavisa dhumaketanam Adi V.Subramaniam
Mudam sada dehi Adi N.S.Ramachandran
Mullu koneya mele muru kereya katti eradu baridu o Adi Purandaradasa
Na dhiri dhittom tanana (t) Madhyadi Vina Sheshanna
Nannu vida naduta nyayama sami (j) Eka B.Chandrashekhara Shastri
Nannu vida naduta nyayama sami (j) Eka T.Singaracharlu
Narayana narayana narayana analinadora Adi Vadirajasvami
Ni avadu tudu Adi Ramalinga Setupati
Ni ini arul purivai Adi N.S.Ramachandran
Nilayatakshi nive jagat sakshi phalakshuni rani Triputa Shyama Shastri
Niye gati Adi Vedanayakam Pillai
Niye sarva shaktan Adi Vedanayakam Pillai
O shiva paramporule niye tunai Adi Papanasham Shivan
Pahi venkataramana bhujaga shayana Adi N.S.Ramasvami Iyer
Pannaga shayana nirupamaguna vasudha Chapu Svati Tirunal
Pannaga shayana pahimam Chapu Svati Tirunal
Paramatma ni Adi Tiruvettiyur Tyagayya
Parashu pani pashupate padamalar tuni dayai Adi Papanasham Shivan
Parashuramam rainukeyam Bangalore S.Mukund
Povom gunamkudikku ellorum purappadungal Adi Gunamkudi Mastan
Rajivakshiro samii rajiga rammanave (p) Adi Sarangapani
Rama ne ninnu judaga nimisha morvanura T/Eka Pallavi Shesha Iyer
Rammane samini rammane (p) Chapu Sarangapani
Ranga shayinam Chapu N.S.Ramachandran
Ranganatheva Adi Kanakadasa
Ranganentavanele tangi Rupaka Kanakadasa
Rara manavi chekora maruni bariki noruva (j) Madhyadi T.Singaracharlu
Sadashiva nayaki bhavajaladhi datinchuta Adi Ogirala Viraraghava Sharma
Sakhi nanenna sheivenadi Adi Suguna Purushottaman
Sama veda rasike shri rajarajeshvari tvam bhaje (t Adi Pattamadai Krishna Iyer
Samvaro teri murali dhun se bavari bhayi Chautal Svati Tirunal
Sangavatam sa Adi V.Subramaniam
Santatam ennai rakshippai undan padaravindattai (g Adi Shyama Shastri
Sarva mangala rupadye sarva saubhagyaprade Chapu Muttiah Bhagavatar
Savare tori murli dhun son bavri bahyin savai brij Chautal Svati Tirunal
Sevikka venum perum tirukkovil appanaiye Chapu Nilakantha Shivan
Shaila tanaya ni sati kaivalya mosagu varevare Adi Ogirala Viraraghava Sharma
Shambho krupai varumo Chapu Nilakantha Shivan
Shambhu kripai varumo enakku nallinbam Chapu Nilakantha Shivan
Sholladi ennadi duraduraikkinai undodi Adi Ghanam Krishna Iyer
Shreyase dhyayamira mam bhuyase Triputa Vaikuntha Shastri
Shri maha lakshmim bhajeham Adi Mysore Vasudevacharya
Shri shukra bhagavantam chintayami santatam Ata Muttusvami Dikshitar
Shrikanta sodari nannu brova Adi Ogirala Viraraghava Sharma
Smara sundaranguni sari evvare (j) Madhyadi Dharmapuri Subbaraya Iyer
Suneshu ramaniyam Adi K.C.Keshava Pillai
Ta dhim dhim ta (t) Adi Patnam Subramania Iyer
Ta tha digida thai ta tha (t) Adi Tanjavur Marattha Composers
Tandai tai makkale shutram enrutravar Rupaka Tirumangai Azhvar
Tanom tana ta dhirana tani tomta (t) Adi Poochi Shrinivasa Iyengar
Tapasa anugrahita bramhananda sara svara (tv) Adi Pallavi Subbiah Bhagavatar
Taralakshi vo vinave Merattur Venkatrama Shastri
Taruniki sarisati dharani logalada (t) Ata Tanjavur Marattha Composers
Tedidu nan maname un Adi Shuddhananda Bharati
Tillana (na dhiri dhittom) Madhyadi Vina Sheshanna
Tillana (tanom tana ta dhirana) Adi Poochi Shrinivasa Iyengar
Tiru kuttirkku tunindambalattil vandu Eka V.Kumarasvami Kavi
Triloka mata nannu brovu karunanu dinadinamikanu Adi;Chapu Shyama Shastri
Tripad vibhuti M/Laghu Upanishad Brahmayogin
Tyagangal sheyya vendum bharata Adi Rajam Sitaram
Ulagattukku aga konda kavata veshangal Adi Nilakantha Shivan
Un padame tunai kripai sheyyai anjal Adi Muttu Tandavar
Unaiye kadalitten paramporule urugi Adi Shuddhananda Bharati
Unnai tudittu ? E.S.Shankaranarayana Iyer
Va va madi vadanane madhusudanane madana Adi Papanasham Shivan
Vadade maname vadade Doraisvami Kavirayar
Vaddante ne vintiva danintike po (p) Rupaka Kuppusvami Ayya
Vande sada padmanabham pada vandarumandara Adi Svati Tirunal
Vani matalika manakela vanchanalaku guru (j) Madhyadi T.Singaracharlu
Varamaina netrotsavamunu kanukona tarani Triputa Tyagaraja
Vashai enba vaiyattarkku ellam ishai ennum (tv) Adi Tiruvalluvar (VSG)
Vencheyarayya Adi ?
Vennira tamarai midu vazhum vedan (tv) Adi K.Muttukumarasvami Varaghoor
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balusatya
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Post #4 by balusatya » 16 Apr 2008, 21:22

Thanks to you Lakshman for the exhaustive list .
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arasi
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Post #5 by arasi » 16 Apr 2008, 22:09

Lakshman,
SonnadellAm maRandArO? ennai Sodanai Seyyat tuNindArO? is another one. Do not know the composer.
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Lakshman
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Post #6 by Lakshman » 17 Apr 2008, 03:23

arasi:
I don't have any info on this song. Any idea where you came across this piece?
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arasi
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Post #7 by arasi » 17 Apr 2008, 07:52

Lakshman,
V.V.Sadagopan sang it in his concerts. No idea about the composer but I do remember the words:

P: SonnadellAm maRandArO, ennai SOdanai Seyyat tuNindArO?

AP: Sennel kazhani SUzhum tillaipatiyAr angu
kannam kuzhiya muttam kanindu kanindaLittu (SonnadellAm)

C: varuvAr varuvAr enRu (avar)
varum vazhi mEl vizhiyAy ninREn tOzhi!
oru vAram, oru mAdam, oru varushamum pOccE,
orutti kiRukki enRu Urum SirikkalAccE! (SonnadellAm)

It is in Adi tALam.
Last edited by arasi on 17 Apr 2008, 08:10, edited 1 time in total.
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vidya
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Post #8 by vidya » 19 Apr 2008, 20:10

Arasi , Lakshmanji,
Tanjavur Sankara Iyer sings this song in ShubhapantuvarALi. The cassette (from a now defunct label) I have lists the composer (LYRICIST) as kavimaNi DesikavinAyakam PiLLai(DVP). I also remember reading something in the Hindu that said, Ananda Vikatan published this song of DVP in 1944 in limited editions of their Deepavali malar and that same year GNB sang this in his Academy Concert. However it did not mention the ragam. What was more puzzling was Alan Danielou's UNESCO catalog lists this song as VEdanAyakam pillai and lists Mayavaram Rajam as the one singing it in raga Kharaharapriya. Of course it's possible that that one's an entirely different lyric. So this lyric has been rendered in : Kharaharapriya, kAmbhOji, SubhaPantuvarali and now Pharaju - based on Arasi's post. Somehow stylistically, I lean towards Desikavinayakam pillai as being the lyricist for this.
Last edited by vidya on 19 Apr 2008, 20:11, edited 1 time in total.
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rshankar
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Post #9 by rshankar » 20 Apr 2008, 05:32

Vidya,

Can you not discount Vedanayakam Pillai, given that he was very careful to not mention 'god' by any name, but refer to 'Him' non-denominationally? This song is unmistakably addressed to SIva (tillaipatiyAr), right?

Ravi
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arasi
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Post #10 by arasi » 20 Apr 2008, 09:09

Thanks Vidya for all the information on the song.
I do not think It is VP either, for the same reason that Ravi states. Moreover, I haven't come across a ny romantic song of VP. The non-devotional song that I know is 'nalla peNNaip pAr nI dUtA' which describes the kind of woman a man should look for while seeking a bride.
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meena
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Post #11 by meena » 20 Apr 2008, 10:29

Deleted
Last edited by meena on 06 May 2008, 07:48, edited 1 time in total.
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vidya
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Post #12 by vidya » 22 Apr 2008, 20:32

rshankar
Thanks It is DVP for all the reasons you mention.

arasi,
Many thanks for this reference. Till today, I had never paid attention to VP's lyrics and their import and had only read his pratapa mudaliyar carittiram which was so refreshingly different from these lyrics- The nalla peNNaippAr nI dUtA etc was quite an eye opener (of sorts)!!
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rshankar
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Post #13 by rshankar » 22 Apr 2008, 21:12

Vidya,

Do you mind posting the lyrics of that song? :) - nalla peNNai

Ravi
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vidya
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Post #14 by vidya » 23 Apr 2008, 17:57

Ravi,
I don't have these lyrics. was just alluding to their didactic nature in general.
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Lakshman
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Post #15 by Lakshman » 23 Apr 2008, 18:06

The song is by Vedanayakam Pillai. His mudra is seen at the end of caraNa 10.

nalla peNNai. rAgA: husEni. Adi tALA.

P: nalla peNNai pAr nI dUtA nalla peNNaip-pAr nI dUtA
A: allaDA kEL inda bhUmiyin mElE Ayiram kAlattup-payirA kaiyAlE
C1: adhika pEccukkAri perum vambi AyiramAnAlum avaL vENDArndambi
nidam nidam UrellAm nITTuvAL kambi niccayam avaL AhAL nI enna shol nambi
2: ezhuttu vAsanai ariyAdavaL maTTi Edu ariyAL avaL suraNDuvAl CaTTi
kazhuttilE avaLukku tAliyak-kaTTi kAriyamilai adu kAsukku naSTi
3: azhagum guNamum uLLavaL nalla jODu azhagillaiyAyilum guNattaiyE tEDu
pazhagu narguNamillA azhagiyin vIDu pAmbu puli karaDi vAzhndiDum kADu
4: vITTu vElai teriyAdavaL vEmbu minukkum avaL kulukkamE verum vImbu
kUTTu narguNamillAk-koDiyavaL pAmbu kulattaik-keDukka vanda kODAlik-kAmbu
5: naghaigaL tarittu manjaL vADaigaL pUsi nADengum teriyavE nagahittuk-kai vIsi
sogusuDa naDappavaL Ayiram dAsi summA vandAlum avaL vENDAm chI chI
6: dEvatA bhatti illAdavaL kaLLi tiruTTukkum puraTTukkum avaL oru paLLi
nAvil puruSan kuDikkavaL perum koLLi shaniyanai vilaikku vAngAmal nI taLLi
7: uDamaigaLuDan paNam kAsin mEl iccai uLLavaL shaNDaikkuk-kaTTuvAL kaccai
iDai viDAmal keDumE en lajjai ivaLaik-koLLuvadilum eDukkalAm piccai
8: santatak-kaNavan mEl ozhiyA-bhatti shAntam porumai dayai dAnam nar-buddhi
enda vELaiyum uDal Attuma shuddhi illAdavaL avaL kazhuttukkuk-katti
9: nallavaL EzhaiyAnAlum taDAdE nAnUru pOnAlum nI pinniDAdE
pollAdavaL kaiyil kATTik-koDAdE puliyak-koNDu vandenait-teruvil viDAdE
10: sakala kAriyamum terindavaL shlAghyam daridra dishaiyilum avaL perum bhAyam
ihaparam iraNDukkum avaLE yOgyam enru shonnAn vEdanAyaka vAkyam
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arasi
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Post #16 by arasi » 23 Apr 2008, 19:59

Thank you, Lakshman.
We were taught just the 3rd and the 10th caraNams and it was lovely as a song. You can see how it made it sound crisp and meaningful.
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arasi
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Post #17 by arasi » 23 Apr 2008, 20:22

corrections:

AP: payirAgaiyAlE (payir+AgaiyAlE)

C1: vENDAm tambi?
C2: Edum ? nAsti
C5: nagaigaL, nagaittu, sogusuDan
C6: batti (meaning bakti)
C8: santatam
C9: taDAdE??
C10: dariddira, diSaiyilum, vEdanAyakan
Last edited by arasi on 23 Apr 2008, 20:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Lakshman
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Post #18 by Lakshman » 23 Apr 2008, 20:34

Thanks arasi. I have made all the correction in my database. However in C9 it is taDAdE (or is it taTAdE, daTAdE, daDAdE, daTATE, taDAtE, taDATE?????) which is printed in the book.
My tamil is not that good.
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arasi
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Post #19 by arasi » 24 Apr 2008, 07:17

Could be taTTAdE (don't say no to, don't reject) a good woman even if she is poor--and what follows is: even if another comes with four hundred pieces of gold, don't be tempted to dismiss the suit of a good but poor woman.
As you know, this song is addressed to a matchmaker.
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ksr
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Re: Kritis in Paras(z).

Post #20 by ksr » 14 Jun 2010, 19:41

:And then there is the beautiful piece by Kalki Krishnamurti and music by M S Subbulakshmi- maravene ennalilume
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keerthi
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Re: Kritis in Paras(z).

Post #21 by keerthi » 15 Jun 2010, 07:24

ksr wrote::And then there is the beautiful piece by Kalki Krishnamurti and music by M S Subbulakshmi- maravene ennalilume



set to the tune of (celi) nenEtlu sahintune, the jAvaLi.
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ksrimech
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Re: Kritis in Paras(z).

Post #22 by ksrimech » 16 Jun 2010, 07:35

I was seeing the movie Meera on my flight to Florida. The titles says Song Composition: Papanasam Sivan. There is no mention of Kalki Krishnamurthy at all. |(
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radmahesh
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Paras Ragam

Post #23 by radmahesh » 15 Jun 2012, 09:39

Hello Lakshmanji

Could you please tell me roughly about the number of krithis in Paras Ragam ?

Thanks and Regards
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Lakshman
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Re: Paras Ragam

Post #24 by Lakshman » 15 Jun 2012, 16:38

About 150 songs.
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satyabalu
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Re: Paras Ragam

Post #25 by satyabalu » 15 Jun 2012, 20:43

Lakshman wrote:About 150 songs.
Request you may list as much! .I know 3 MD kritis Chintayamahalingam , Mahalingeshwaram** vara kriti on Sukra one Shyama sastri -Nilayadhakshi & chelineynetla.?.Pattabhiramayya ?- of DKJ .
*Sundaranguni-Dharmapuri Subbarayar.
** MD has composed 2 kriris on Thiruvadaimarudur on the same raga.!
Here is the Lec-Dem from Dr. V.V.Srivatsa.araju

The second rAgam of the evening was paraju. Paraju or parasu or pharaz or pfaras or however else it is pronounced also belongs to the same family of mALavagauLa. It is a sampUrNa rAgam and has lots of visEsha prayOgams. The etymology of the rAga name is attributed to it being the favourite rAgam of 'parasurAma' and hence 'parasu', or the usage of anya svarams ('para + ju'). Presence of 9 compositions of the trinity was placed on record. 4 kritis by Dikhistar. 3 kritis and 1 tamil gItam by shyAma sAstri and 1 kriti by tyAgarAja.

Sri Srivatsa started by saying that, when Dikshitar gets very fond of a kshEtram - rAgam pair, he composes 2 kritis at the same kshEtram in the same rAgam. He sighted ham vIru (the 2 'parimaLa ranganAtam's at thErezhundUr) and khamAs ('santAna gOpAla krishNam' and 'sArasa daLa nayana' at mannArguDi). He said thiruviDaimarudur and paraju form such a pair with two compositions on the presiding deity. This kshEtram is called 'madhyArjuNam' in sanskrit. 'arjuNam' is sanskrit for 'marudha' tree. Having a 'svayampu lingam' below this tree is supposed to be very auspicious according to the legends. There are 3 such places in south india. In north is srI sailam, one of the jyotirlingams. In south is a place called 'thirupuDai marudur' on the banks of tAmiraparaNi. In between these two is 'thiruviDai marudur' and hence, iDai marudur or madhya arjuNam. This kshEtram is called the mahA kshEtram. It has the big kshEtrams of deities according to the Agama rules on each side of it. svAmi malai murugan, chidambaram naTaraja, vEdAraNyam, tiruvArUr tyAgarAjA (sOmAskandar) were a few kshEtrams he named. And this placing led to the Lord being called as mahAlingEsvarar. The kriti 'chintayE mahAlinga mUrtim' was rendered in a rather slow kAlapramANam, compared to other versions i have heard in the past. The presence of rAga mudra was also highlighted.

The suddha madhyamam is the amsa svaram of the rAgam. The usage of prati madhyamam is not present amongst the trinity. however, jAvaLis have this usage. This rAgam has a vichitra placement. It automatically becomes chAyagauLa if not sung with care. sAvEri is also very close. a few lines of the kriti 'sarasvatyA bhagavatyA' in chAyAgauLa were rendered.

trilOka mAtA nannu of shyAmA sAstri was rendered in Adi tALam. Presence of a version in vilOma cApu was also placed on record. 'madurAmbA jayati' of madurAmba vibakti kritis of Dikshitar was presented also. 'nIlAyatAkshi' of shyAmA sAstri was the next piece to be rendered. It was mentioned that this kriti is tough to sing because of its unique structure.

The next was the rare 'varamaina nEtrOtsava' of tyAgaraja. It was mentioned that this is the last kriti in the opera, 'prahalAda bhakta vijayam'. Sri Srivatsa said he had learnt this kriti from Dr. S Ramanathan's notation and Smt. Seetha Rajan.

The second kriti at thiruviDaimarudur 'mahAlingEsvaram' was presented and the mentioning of the 'brahmahathi-dOsham' in this kriti was emphasised with the story.

Sri Srivatsa said that he was running out of time and hence he cant render 'srI sukra bhagavantam'. He said that 'sukrA' belonged to the bhArgava gOthram, which is the same as that of jamadagni and parasurAma. It is probably this reason that made Dikshitar compose this kriti on 'sukrA' in paraju. He said, dikshitar addresses 'sukra' alone with the expression 'bhagavantam' as he is only graham with all the 8 lakshNams and fit to be addressed that way. Smt. Vidya Shankar raised an objection saying 'bhagavantam' is indeed used in some other compostions like 'rAmachandram bhAvayAmi'. Sri Srivatsa clarified that this observation was with respect to the kritis composed on the navagrahams and not with reference to all of Dikshitar compositions. Also, he said that Dikshitar has used 'bhagavantam' and 'bhagavatya' in many kritis on various gods. He mentioned that 'sukra' is a 'subha graham'. The 'vAmanAvatAra' episode is also told in the kriti and the poking of sukrA's eyes by vAmana, thus rendering him squinted, is all condensed in the line 'kEsava kaTAkshaika nEtram'. 'ati dEvata' of sukra is Sri Ranganathar of Srirangam. 'Sukra' bestows a lot of good boons on your and is associated with all the 'amsam's in the horoscope.

Sri Srivatsa concluded saying 'paraju' is a rAgam that establishes 'adbuta' rasam. It is a mangaLa rAgam. One can sing 'paraju' to finish a concert. However it is a very tough rAgam to sing. As the rAgam shows a lot of 'adbuta' and 'hasya' rasams, there are a lot of jAvaLi's composed in this rAgam. A line of the jAvaLi 'celinEnETlu sahiyinchunE' was also rendered.
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