Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

Miscellaneous topics on Carnatic music

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#426  Postby cmlover » 10 Aug 2012 21:24

Thanks kvchellappa for the continuation of Arasi's fine translations.
Very many historical facts are here as are our choice Freedom fighters.
Your presentation is equally engrossing....
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#427  Postby kvchellappa » 10 Aug 2012 21:49

Thanks. I must acknowledge that I had the benefit of Madam's suggestions.
  • 0

kvchellappa
 
Posts: 425
Joined: 04 Aug 2011 13:54
Reputation: 6

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#428  Postby arasi » 10 Aug 2012 23:05

I'm so glad the translation continues. Thanks Chellappa! Soon, Sridharang is going to continue until I can find the time to concentrate on the rest of Chitra Bharathi's pages.

CML,
Kindly add to the post the title: The Congress Which Ended In Chaos
  • 0

arasi
 
Posts: 12470
Joined: 22 Jun 2006 09:30
Reputation: 73

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#429  Postby cmlover » 11 Aug 2012 03:34

This story also shows how Arvind Ghosh turned Radical and later extradited himself at Pondichery and later joined by Bharathy...
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#430  Postby kvchellappa » 14 Aug 2012 07:57

Image

Our Congress Tour

On the evening of Saturday, the 21st, some 30 of us, members of the new party, set out from Chennai Central Station. Assembled in our group were Thanjavur Sri K.Ramasamy Iyer, Thootthukkudi Sri Chidambaram Pillai, (from Chennai) Sri Sakkarai Chetty, B.A.,B.L., Sri Duraisamy Iyer, M.A.,B.L., Sri Sankaranarayana Iyer, Sri Venkataramana Rao, Sri Yathiraja Surendranath, myself and a few others, some wealthy people from Thiruvallikkeni and a few gentlemen from outside Chennai.

Our friends and several gentlemen had come to the station from different directions, out of patriotism, wishing to see us off with warmth. The youth, passionate in loyalty to the nation and being the guardians of the future of Bharatha Desam, had come and caused us great joy. Though we had engaged coolies to lug our baggage carts to our rooms, some good-natured youngsters lugged the carts themselves.
(This was published by Bharathi soon after his return from Surat Congress.)
  • 0

kvchellappa
 
Posts: 425
Joined: 04 Aug 2011 13:54
Reputation: 6

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#431  Postby cmlover » 14 Aug 2012 20:55

Thanks kvc for the excellent translation!
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#432  Postby kvchellappa » 14 Aug 2012 21:19

Welcome.
It gives me great ananda to be associated in this group.
  • 0

kvchellappa
 
Posts: 425
Joined: 04 Aug 2011 13:54
Reputation: 6

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#433  Postby kvchellappa » 16 Aug 2012 09:03

Image

Bala Bharatha

Many, who knew Bharathi as a Tamil poet and prose writer par excellence, did not bear in mind his proficiency in English or English journalism.

The competence that he brought to bear on just a political weekly viz. ‘India’ shone ever greater in the English monthly called ‘Bala Bharatha’ published from Nov. 1907. The full name of the periodical was ‘Bala Bharatha or Young India’.

In Chennai, C.M.Nanjunda Rao, a well-known doctor, managed Bala Bharatha for Bharathi. He was a dear friend of Bharathi though 20 years his elder. He also had unlimited devotion to Vivekananda.

The monthly, Bala Bharatha, came with the epithet, ‘magazine for national resurgence’. Bharathi was proclaimed as its editor. He wrote copiously in it without adding his name. Nivedita Devi, the supreme guru of Bharathi, also contributed to every issue of her disciple’s magazine anonymously. Several other intellectuals wrote in their own names.

The monthly magazine contained sections on philosophy, nationalism, reformation in the lives of people and Vedanta. Vivekananda’s powerful English slogan, ‘Arise, awake, stop not until your goal is reached’ and ‘kuNDalini’ of national consciousness figured in the top page.

The magazine came in royal quarto size (9”x6”) running to about 32 pages every month. G.C. Lokanathan and Bros. published it from Guardian Press, Mount Road, in top class paper and finest print with standard articles. Registered No. was M. 701, annual subscription for India, Burma and Ceylon Rs. one and a half and for abroad 3 shillings or 1 U.S. dollar. Those ordering six numbers would be charged for 5 only.

The address of the magazine was ‘Goodwyn and Co., Mylapore, South Chennai’. This was the address of Nanjunda Rao’s drugstore in Kutcheri Road. The revolutionaries that visited Chennai used to stay in the upstairs of the store.

Dr. Nanjunda Rao was a Maharashtrian, born in 1862 as the son of a poor worker. He was expert in studies and won several prizes and medals. He completed medical studies as a student of Mysore Government in Madras Medical College and secured first rank in the university in the course offered those days called M.B. and M.C. (Bachelor of Medicine and Master of Curatory).

As soon as he commenced practice in Mylapore, several Englishmen including Madam Annie Besant and Bishop Leadpbeater, and many prominent Indians went to him for treatment. He used to practise Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani systems also apart from Allopathy. By virtue of this, he described himself as an ‘eclectic physician’.

Nanjunda Rao donated liberally for several public causes. He is the one who built the house in Thiruvallikkeni, where Bharathi lived. Besides, a red house situated opposite Kapaliswarar tank in Mylapore was the doctor’s house.
  • 0

kvchellappa
 
Posts: 425
Joined: 04 Aug 2011 13:54
Reputation: 6

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#434  Postby cmlover » 16 Aug 2012 20:10

Very very interesting tidbits!
Are these 'english writings' of Bharathy collectively publoished?
They are national treasures!
PB
Can you ferret out more details?

Incidentally you mean "eidectic physician" :D
http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/eidetic
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#435  Postby arasi » 17 Aug 2012 06:57

kvchellappa,
Thanks--and to vasanthakokilam for helping in putting the illustrated page up.

CML,
That's a new word for me. Interestingly, the original says eclectic physician. rA a Padmanabhan perhaps meant 'eidectic' but wrote eclectic instead. Possible.
  • 0

arasi
 
Posts: 12470
Joined: 22 Jun 2006 09:30
Reputation: 73

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#436  Postby vasanthakokilam » 17 Aug 2012 08:43

eclectic - "selecting what appears to be best in various doctrines or methods"
That matches what is mentioned in parenthesis in the original.
  • 0

vasanthakokilam
Moderator
 
Posts: 9681
Joined: 03 Feb 2010 00:01
Reputation: 24

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#437  Postby cmlover » 17 Aug 2012 09:03

Thanks KVC/VK
I was about to ask for a picture of Dr Nanjunda Rao.
I agree 'eclectic' is equally appropriate here since the doctor is a versatile polymath!
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#438  Postby Pratyaksham Bala » 17 Aug 2012 09:13

Check this for Bharati's escape to Pondicherry, with the help of Dr. Rao:
http://madrasramblings.blogspot.in/2009/11/dadha-of-triplicane-mylapore.html
  • 0

Pratyaksham Bala
 
Posts: 2220
Joined: 21 May 2010 16:57
Reputation: 15

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#439  Postby Pratyaksham Bala » 17 Aug 2012 16:17

kvchellappa wrote:... ... Besides, a red house situated opposite Kapaliswarar tank in Mylapore was the doctor’s house.

The first time I visited the house was in 1963 when I was staying in a lodge at East Mada Street. Fifteen years after that I was lucky to live in a similar house at Nungambakkam for a few years. May be, that was one of the prestigeous house designs a hundred years back.
  • 0

Last edited by Pratyaksham Bala on 17 Aug 2012 22:24, edited 1 time in total.
Pratyaksham Bala
 
Posts: 2220
Joined: 21 May 2010 16:57
Reputation: 15

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#440  Postby cmlover » 17 Aug 2012 20:10

The picture of the house
http://www.hindu.com/mp/2004/04/29/stor ... 780100.htm
Thanks PB
What a colourful person Dr Nanjunda Rao was!
His life reads like a thriller story!
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#441  Postby arasi » 18 Aug 2012 00:20

PB,
What a find! Thanks!
Every line in this piece speaks of the vibrant life which went on within the walls of this dwelling and of this extraordinary gentleman and his lady who lived there and breathed life into so many needy individuals. They also made it a place of welcome to the most illustrious men of the land.

With a name like Nanjunda, I wondered why Padmanabhan refers to him as from Maharashtra. The writer of this essay gives us his full name: Mysore Chavan Nanjunda Rao. So, it was a family which came from Maharashtra to Mysore and settled there. He in his turn, became a tamizhnADu person in making Chennai his home.

CML,
You and I, and perhaps a few others among us are familiar with this kind of coming together of men and women from all parts of the country as one family. They were all bhAratha mAthA's children.
Sometimes, when you get inflamed (!) looking at happenings of divisive forces, I wonder if you need to be more restrained. We experienced such great happenings as children, from the fringe. No wonder, the destructive 'Divide and rule' principle (ironically of the Raj days!)of the post-independence era provokes you !
  • 0

arasi
 
Posts: 12470
Joined: 22 Jun 2006 09:30
Reputation: 73

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#442  Postby cmlover » 18 Aug 2012 02:41

Yes it is nostalgia!
I do dread the cancer Americanization rapidly spreading in TN :(
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#443  Postby arasi » 18 Aug 2012 03:06

CML,
Yes and not quite--by which I mean: there are many good things to be picked up, American, Canadian, European and so on. You are worried about the superficial things any nation can offer which are being picked up in internet speed in your native land, are you not?
  • 0

arasi
 
Posts: 12470
Joined: 22 Jun 2006 09:30
Reputation: 73

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#444  Postby cmlover » 18 Aug 2012 20:43

Yes indeed!
Especially when our 'native' values are lost :(
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#445  Postby kvchellappa » 22 Aug 2012 20:11

First Publication

Ever since he arrived in Chennai in 1904, Bharathi’s patriotic fervour blazed forth like a great fire. At the time of Bengal partition, Bharathi published in the magazine ‘Chakravarthini’ in Dec. 1905 the first translation of VanDe MAtharam beginning as ‘Iniya neer perukkinai, inkani vaLatthinai’.

Two months since then, in Feb. 1906, he announced his desire to publish a book ‘compiling as a garland the beads of various poems composed by a variety of poets at different times in Thamizh and English, describing the glory of BhArathAmbika that is our Motherland’. He also published an appeal in SvadEsa Mithran to compose and contribute new patriotic songs other than just the poems depicting the country in old works.

No one sent such patriotic songs as expected by Bharathi. Therefore, he plunged himself in the task of filling the breach. Many intensely patriotic songs composed by him appeared in ‘Mithran’, ‘India’ and other papers. Yet, the poet was not contented. He was eager to publish his poems in a book form, but there was no clue to the money required. What to do? It seems that he shared his longing with his friend, Sri G.A.Natesan. He told Bharathi, “Only Sri V.Krishnaswamy Iyer can fulfil your desire. If you like, I will take you to him today itself.” As Krishnaswamy Iyer was a confirmed moderate and was the target of his diatribe in every issue of ‘India’, should Bharathi go to such a political opponent for assistance? Even if he did, would it fruitful? Bharathi therefore said, “I hear that he talks of me angrily always. I do not like to approach him.”

Sri Natesan did not give up. He told Bharathi, “You do not know his nature. If he gets a taste of your poetry, he would not refrain from extending necessary help.” He insisted repeatedly and took Bharathi to Krishnaswamy Iyer’s house the same evening.

In the open space in front of his bungalow, Krishnaswamy Iyer was chatting with his friends. It was rather dark. Seeing Natesan accompanied by a stranger, Krishnaswamy Iyer enquired who he was. Iyer and Bharathi had not met earlier. Natesan replied with a smile, “He is a Thamizh poet. He has composed a few poems. I have brought him in the hope that you would certainly listen to them.” Taking a cue from Iyer, Natesan bid Bharathi to sing. Bharathi started to sing in a sonorous voice ‘Vande Matharam’ in NAdanAmakriyA raga in Aananda KaLippu metre. When he came to the line ‘Aayiram undingu jAthi - There are a thousand castes here,’ Krishnaswamy Iyer, who was reclining in the chair, could not help sit up.

Next, Bharathi sang the national poem beginning ‘Enthaiyum thAyum – my father and mother’ in KAmbhodi raga and finally finished with the song ‘EngaL NADu – our country’ beginning ‘Mannum imaya malai - the great Himalaya mountain’ in BhoopAla raga. Krishnaswami Iyer could not contain his delight. He said, “Why are you letting such beautiful songs to season? Is it not to be made to spread country-wide among the schools and teachers who train girls in music? Why are you keeping mum?”

Friend Natesan put forth the poet’s plight tactically. He said, “If you could help…”
”Where is the hitch? Here is one hundred rupees for you. I will also bear the cost of printing and distributing these three poems free. What is your name?”
It was a dilemma. Bharathi looked at Natesan. Natesan sported a smile and said, “He is Bharathi. He is the author of articles in the newspaper ‘India’, which you read often.”
Contrary to expectation, Iyer responded, “Are you Subramania Bharathiyar? What a noble patriotism is manifest in you! Unaware of it, I considered you one of the fanatical hard-liners, didn’t I?”

Krishnaswami Iyer got ten thousand copies of the three poems sung by Bharathi printed in beautiful paper and distributed to schools and public institutions free throughout the country.

(Sri K.Chandrasekharan, son of V.Krishnaswami Iyer, has published these details in his father’s biography).

It was the first occasion when Bharathi’s songs came out as an exclusive publication. In 1904, Bharathi’s song went to press for the first time and in 1907, his songs came out as a separate pamphlet.

The last stanza of Bharathi’s poem ‘VandE MAtharam enbOm’ was left out in the later editions of the publication ‘SvadEsa Geethangal’ published by Krishnaswami Iyer. The stanza left out was:

‘Devi Nam BhAratha Bhoomi – engaL
TheemaigaL yAvaiyum theerttharuL seyvAL
AaviyuDan poruL moonDrum – antha
Annai potrALinu-kkarpithamAkki
(VanDe)

Instead, the stanza ‘Pulladimai thozhil pEni’ , which was not in the 1907 edition, appears in present editions.

Thamizh Thatha (grand old man of Thamizh), Dr. U.V.Swaminatha Iyer, has mentioned in his ‘Ninaivu Manjari (reminiscences)’ that Bharathi composed the poem ‘Senthamizh NAdu’ after listening to V.Krishnaswamy Iyer’s speech in the Thamizh Sangam of Presidency College. What Bharathi sang after listening to the Presidency College address must be the song ‘BhAratha DEsamenDru peyar solluvAr – will name it BhAratha DEsam’. The song ‘Senthamizh NaDu’ was composed when Bharathi was in Pondicherry for a competition and just won the second prize only!

Bharathi had boundless compassion for Thamizh poets. The song which Bharathi sang in the felicitation meeting for Swaminatha Iyer when he got MahAmahOpAdhyAya title is unforgettable. As someone said (erroneously) that it was flawed in diction and literary taste, Bharathi left the meeting midway. At the end of the meeting, Swaminatha Iyer appreciated the song much and desired to hear it again. Bharathi was not there.

Though there was mutual respect between Bharathi and Swaminatha Iyer, when Swaminatha Iyer was approached for a foreword for Chellamma Bharathis publication of ‘svaDEsa geethangal’, he refused for the reason that he was a teacher in a Govt. college!
  • 0

kvchellappa
 
Posts: 425
Joined: 04 Aug 2011 13:54
Reputation: 6

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#446  Postby cmlover » 22 Aug 2012 21:30

How inspiring!
All in beautiful CM ragas...
When such inspiring verses are available (which are needed now for 'prabuddha bhArata' ) why are our performers just stick to 'ooshippOna' Trinity (in a language people do not understand!).
VaRutta kaDalayai vaRuttheDukkiRArkaL !
  • 0

cmlover
Moderator
 
Posts: 11491
Joined: 02 Feb 2010 22:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#447  Postby arasi » 23 Aug 2012 01:01

CML,
We certainly need to hear more songs of Bharathi and others in tamizh on stage. I think we also do see that happening now in degrees.
It's not just in Thamzhisai manRam alone that we are offered 'all tamizh songs' concerts now. Margazhi mahA utsavam and now the new MArgazhi isai vizhA offer us a lot of thamizh songs. This season, HMB's compositions were sung by Sanjay Subrahmanyan so well. What variety! What ghanam in some of the songs! The same with Mazhavai chidambara bharathi whose songs I was not very familiar with.Thanks to youtube and rasikAs like VKailasam, they are there for all to hear.

No need for you to be concerned with vaRutha pazhaiya kaDalai or worse, in the name of invention, puLitha pazhaiya dOsai mAvu ;)

You are jesting, of course.
inda niRam siRidenRum idu ETRadenRum sollalAmO? sollavum mATTIr ;)

I'm not raising the question if I'm a vAggEyakAra or not at this juncture ;)
  • 0

arasi
 
Posts: 12470
Joined: 22 Jun 2006 09:30
Reputation: 73

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#448  Postby arasi » 23 Aug 2012 01:06

kvchellappa,
I thank you for helping out.Your translated chapters are very good reads, indeed.
Thanks in advance to shridharang who's continuing the work.
  • 0

arasi
 
Posts: 12470
Joined: 22 Jun 2006 09:30
Reputation: 73

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#449  Postby sridhar_ranga » 23 Aug 2012 01:09

This page has the image of V. Krishnaswami Iyer, referred in post #446 in KVC's beautiful translation. The other images are those of V.O. Chidambaram Pillai and the India Office building at 34, Broadway.
Image
  • 0

sridhar_ranga
 
Posts: 700
Joined: 03 Feb 2010 11:36
Reputation: 1

Re: Oy BhAratiyArE!--A Child's Eye View of the Poet

#450  Postby maduraimini » 23 Aug 2012 01:19

kvchellappa,
After waiting for a while, it is good to see this translation by you. Dr.Nanjunda Rao must have been a special kind of person - not only helping the Swadeshi (Freedom) movement, but also helping the common people. Have heard his name, but never saw a picture of him. Thanks.
Sridhar-rang, Thanks for the pictures of Sri. VOC and Krishnaswamy Iyer and the poet's house.
  • 0

maduraimini
 
Posts: 301
Joined: 22 Sep 2009 02:55
Reputation: 1

PreviousNext

Return to General Discussions

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users

Reputation System ©'